Perspective

There is a curious discord at the heart of the way “news” media operate. They all tend to exaggerate the trivial and grossly underestimate the longer-term trends. They lack perspective.

News media are obsessed with the “now”. A good example of what I mean is the flashing of the current value of the Nasdeq index on financial channels. Second by second, the ever-changing index is tracked and displayed. As if whether it is 2384.52 or, the very next instant, 2384.42, matters. Even to people saving for retirement, they should be investing over a 20-30 year timescale, not worrying whether MSFT is down 2 points on disappointing sales figures in Asia in the fourth quarter….or whatever. This compulsive reporting of quite inane and trivial figures is just plain daft.

On the other side, there are some longer term trends that the news media seem to studiously downplay. We are currently undergoing what some scientists are terming “The Sixth Great Extinction” – an event that represents the extinction of most of the earth’s living species. Oil and other carbon fuels are almost exhausted – funny, seeing as we only started actively extracting them around 100 years ago. Global warming will radically alter our climate, this century. Yet these events seem distinctly abstract to most of us. We go on with our lives and our humdrum plans as if nothing was happening. If they are reported – and they sometimes are – they are usually reported as being arcane arguments between competing scientific opinion rather than the actually quite dramatic and epoch-changing events that they really are.

It isn’t that most of us (I presume) don’t see the bigger picture. But I am puzzled by the human capacity to recognise and understand the big picture at one level (intellectually) and yet to continue on regardless at every other level. After all, I doubt very much that scientists predicting the end of the climate system as we know it are not busy contemplating their holidays next summer in their spare time. And I myself am happy to plot and plan my own movements over the next month without regard to the melting ice caps.

So I am presented with a puzzle: why do we grossly exaggerate the trivial and vastly underestimate the longer-term trends? Why do we lack perspective?

Partly, it must be because we have human needs for food, water, and shelter that are pressing on a very short time scale. If I don’t eat breakfast, I get cranky – that sort of thing. Secondly, even over a longer time scale of a human life, we rarely directly experience the bigger changes that are afoot. Knowing that the planet is 0.5 degrees C warmer than it was in 1990 is not something likely to strike home, especially if you’ve only been born in 1992, or whatever. And it is even less likely to strike home when you are asked, just what does 0.5 degrees feel like?

Here’s another take on perspective:

If all of time since the origin of the planet Earth to now (about 4.5 billion years) is represented as one year on a calendar, life began around noon on February 9th (about 4 billion years ago). About March 21st, that life formed into the first primitive cells. Mammals made their first appearance about 200 million years ago – stunningly long ago on our normal timescales, but on the calendar scale just December 14th. That’s eerily close to Christmas and deep into the heart of winter. Those early mammals missed their Thanksgiving dinners. The first hominids emerged on December 31st, around 6.09pm. Astonishing really, to think that all of human history – recorded and unrecorded – occurred on the final day, after teatime. No time to be invited to any New Years Eve parties even. Christopher Columbus’s discovery of America happened, on that calendar, at 11.59pm and 56 seconds. Or just 4 seconds separates his landing on a beach in Haiti to an American landing on the moon. Pushing it out a bit into the future, the complete melting of the Antartic ice shelf might happen within the next 100 years – or less than 1 second into January 1st of next year.

My purpose in drawing out this well-known analogy like this is to remind ourselves just how miniscule is our human timescales to the really important events of the earth. Events are occurring now – such as that climate change and the extinction event – that on a geographic scale are almost instantaneous. Looked at – perhaps by some visiting alien life forms – in 100 million years from now, this whole century will look like a black stain in some rocks. All of human history will have occurred over a timespan of perhaps 3 million years (another few thousand years, if we’re lucky) over an entire earth history of billions of years – or around one day on our illustrative calendar.

Nothing prevents human life as we know it from coming to a shuddering halt right next year, or next month for that matter. Nothing says that we won’t all be destroyed by a collision with an asteroid, or subjected to a virulent strain of bird flu that wipes out 50% of the population. Events like these have happened before and they’ll surely happen again. But even if we are spared these major one-off events, the slowly-building ones will probably get us pretty soon too.

But even knowing that these things could occur, we continue on as before. We are being propelled down a track to destruction that seems irreversible and irresistable. Our human capacity for exaggerating the trivial and underestimating the longer term will as assuredly ensure our eclipse as any other human trait, like greed or ignorance. Let’s get some perspective on it.

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Climate change = war and famine?

An article on Yahoo! today mentions a study conducted on climate change from 1400 to 1900. The authors analysed historical periods of cooling, in 1450, 1650, and 1820. Each was followed by periods of war, famine, or both. I wrote about Jared Diamond’s book Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive before and followed that with some analysis of the ecological issues behind it. I am now seeing endless articles, both academic and informal, all coming to roughly the same conclusion. (This is a well-attested phenomenon: when you read a book that opens your eyes, suddenly you start seeing connections everywhere!)

I’d like to believe that human kind can surmount these problems. Indeed, I think we all must remain optimistic, despite the evidence, if only because that attitude is more likely to see us through in the end. But there may be much hardship ahead for many of the marginalised people’s of the world: Africans, East Asians, Bangladeshis, and others. The time to tackle it is now, when we still have the capacity to change things around.

The great war of the twenty-first century will not be over oil: for the majority of the world’s population it will be over food, water, cropland, pastures, and the basics of living.

Climate Change

So while we’re on the subject: take a look at today’s London Independent article on the US drought. This is why climate change is important. I visited Utah and Arizona, California and Nevada, back in 2002. I was struck very forcibly by how reliant that whole region is on just a couple of rivers, the Colorado being the main one. It is drying up. Too much water is being taken out and too little is falling as rain to replenish it.

Umbrella Action Day

There’s a great picture at the front of today’s Irish Independent newspaper of John Gormley holding a brolly at yesterday’s demonstration on Sandymount beach. (There’s even one on page 7 of the Irish Times, but I cannot access the online version.) This is an extremely serious issue – climate change – and it’s good to see some publicity for it. I applaud Oisin Coghlan of Friends of the Earth for his part in it.

But…we all know why Mr. Gormley is featured on the front page, and it has nothing to do with a nice day out at the beach or climate change. It is because the Greens are on the verge of going into government for the first time ever. If the Greens enter government with Fianna Fail next week without a firm commitment from them over climate change, then they’re wasting their time and their supporter’s vote. I voted Green in the election, but only on the basis that they’d get Fianna Fail out. I’d be prepared to accept a coalition, however, if I saw that it made a real difference.

Climate Change is not about wishy-washy, fringe politics: it should be centre-stage in any debate about the future of mankind (along with hunger and poverty). And if the Greens don’t negotiate on that basic principle, then they’re selling themselves out. I’d personally put the M3 Tara issue, Shannon, and proper public transport on my “absolute minimum” list of requirements for government too. I would never vote Green again if those issues are not addressed in the life-time of next government if they play a part.

Umbrella Action Day Against Climate Change

Copy of a Friends of the Earth Email I have received. Sounds like a fun gig, if you’re in Dublin, do try and drop in!

3pm, this Sunday, 10th June, Martello Tower, Sandymount Strand, Dublin.

Do you care about climate change?
Does it matter to you that Ireland releases more climate-polluting greenhouse-gases per person than almost any other nation on earth?

Stop Climate Chaos, the umbrella group of Irish aid, environment, faith and youth agencies, believes the answer is yes! We’re planning a fun family day out on Sunday. Bring the kids, a picnic, even the dog. You can do a biodiversity survey on the beach, watch some balloon blowing, sign our petition and have your face painted. Above all show the government you want Ireland to do its fair share to pr event climate chaos.

Choreographer Muirne Bloomer and some dancers will lead the crowd in an umbrella demonstration to the strains of the Beach Boys’ “Wouldn’t it be nice.” And it would be nice if the new government took firm action to reduce emissions, wouldn’t it? It won’t happen unless the people send them a message. This is your chance.

Bring your brolly!

Yours sincerely,

Oisin Coghlan
Director
Friends of the Earth